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UNC Animal Research Facility

TIMELINE 1971-2014
 UNC ANIMAL RESEARCH FACILITY

Click on the link for a timeline of the
UNC Animal Research Facility's history of research waste in the watershed, violations, and wasteful spending of public funds
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NC legislators to discuss
UNC Animal Research Facility environmental record

NC Environmental Review Commission Mtg.

Wednesday January 15, 2014 at 9:30 am

NC Legislative Office Building, Room #643

330 North Salisbury Street, Raleigh

The UNC Animal Research Facility is at the top of the agenda of the NC Environmental Review Commission (ERC) this week.  Facility neighbor Cliff Leath and UNC Associate Vice Chancellor Bob Lowman will speak with state legislators Wednesday morning about the environmental record of the UNC facility in southwest Orange County. PRO will be there as Cliff shares concerns about the university's waste spills and violations, expansion plans, accountability and impacts of four decades of research waste on the watershed and surrounding community.

Despite mounting expenses of infrastructure failures at this improperly located facility, UNC is pursuing costly expansion plans without examining impacts of its lab animal waste on the Haw River watershed.  

  • Amount UNC spent in 2010 and 2012 buying neighboring residential properties, expanding the facility footprint from 57 to 80 acres: $813,500
  • Amount UNC allocated to test impacts of research waste on neighbors' wells, the facility's original well, sites where spills occurred, and the capacity of the aquifer: $0

Join PRO at Wednesday's public meeting in Raleigh!  Community presence strengthens PRO's efforts to increase scrutiny and oversight of UNC research waste in our watershed.  For a list of legislators on the commission, visit the ERC web page.

County commissioners & neighbors invited to visit UNC facility Jan. 16th & 17th

Orange County commissioners and neighbors are invited to visit the UNC Animal Research Facility this Thursday and Friday January 16th and 17th at 3:30 pm.  This is a chance to see the property and talk with university and county leaders. To attend one of the tours, please contact PRO at: info@preserveruralorange.org

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DWQ issues draft wastewater permit, imposes conditions


On March 11, 2013, the NC Division of Water Quality issued a draft wastewater permit for the UNC Animal Research Facility.  Thanks to input from more than fifty community members, the new draft permit includes more stringent conditions requiring increased monitoring, water testing, reporting, public notification, and safeguards in the wastewater system. 

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UNC responds to DWQ DENR, doesn't include new 20 acres in Bingham Facility footprint

UNC response to DWQ/DENR 1/31/13
UNC specs for DWQ/DWQ 1/31/13
UNC drawings for DWQ/DWQ 1/31/13
UNC design manual for DWQ/DWQ 1/31/13


click on the link for the news story, audio & map:


January 31, 2013


Stephanie Carroll Carson/Mary Kuhlman
Public News Service - NC

January 31, 2013

CHAPEL HILL, N.C. - Today is the deadline for the University of North Carolina to respond to a request from the state's Division of Water Quality to disclose pollutants and chemicals being disposed of from the school's animal research facility in southwest Orange County.

Laura Streitfeld, spokeswoman for the environmental watch group Preserve Rural Orange, is concerned about the operation of the facility.

"The bigger concern," she said, "is how this facility can ever operate in compliance and safely when it's sited on wetlands that were never disclosed, when it's sited along a creek that leads to drinking water." [click to read more]

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UNC requests extension to respond to DWQ requirements

January 2013- UNC has received an extension until January 31, 2013 to respond to the NC Division of Water Quality's hearing officer's report.  The report and accompanying letter from state regulators require UNC to disclose pollutants and water use, analyze wastewater, improve safety, monitoring and public notification, and reduce proposed water use at the UNC Animal Research Facility in southwest Orange County.  Click on the link to view a video of the August 22, 2012 public hearing attended by 100+ concerned citizens at the White Cross Recreation Center.

Click on links to view the video of the August 22, 2012 public hearing, DWQ hearing officer's report (large 37 MB file) and the letter from NC DWQ to UNC Vice Chancellor Karol Kain Gray.
 

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NC DWQ to UNC Animal Research Facility: Disclose pollutants and annual water use; analyze wastewater; improve safety, monitoring and public notification; reduce proposed water use.


December 6, 2012, Raleigh, NC--The North Carolina Division of Water Quality (DWQ) has issued the hearing officer's report (large file) for the August 22, 2012 hearing on a wastewater permit application for UNC 's Animal Research Facility in rural Orange County

Before deciding whether to issue a permit, DWQ sent a letter to UNC Vice Chancellor Karol Kain Gray requesting a response by January 5, 2013 on items including:

  • Disclosing pollutants, chemicals used on site, and annual water use
  • Sampling & analyzing wastewater
  • Reducing proposed water use
  • Installing groundwater monitoring wells along boundary with neighboring residences to detect contaminants
  • Monitoring all surface waters on site upstream and downstream for contaminants
  • Instituting safety and emergency notification procedures
  • Increasing setbacks from bus stops
Click on links to read the DWQ hearing officer's report (large 37 MB file) and the letter from NC DWQ to UNC Vice Chancellor Karol Kain Gray.

Our deepest thanks to the dozens of citizens who attended the public hearing and sent detailed concerns to state regulators.  Your well-informed comments and requests for improved oversight of the UNC Animal Research Facility have resulted in increased scrutiny of the University's operations and plans.

By calling attention to impacts of the UNC's facility expansion plans on the environment and public health, we hold our state university accountable for its failure to uphold the public interest.

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PRESERVE RURAL ORANGE ASKS NC ATTORNEY GENERAL & STATE AUDITOR TO INVESTIGATE UNC ACQUIRING RURAL PROPERTIES WHILE PUBLIC APPEALS TO COUNTY AND STATE OFFICIALS WERE STILL PENDING


      
click on map for larger image

Orange County, NC, September 24, 2012—The citizen nonprofit Preserve Rural Orange (PRO) has asked North Carolina Attorney General Roy Cooper and State Auditor Beth Wood to investigate recent acquisitions of rural property by the University of North Carolina’s Animal Research Facility in Bingham Township.

Earlier this month UNC Vice Chancellor Bob Lowman sent an email message to PRO and facility neighbors announcing that UNC had acquired an 8.32-acre property on Maynard Farm Road and planned to acquire an additional 10.56 acres.  University officials first requested the acquisition on April 18, 2012 and closed on the property on September 6, 2012 without disclosing to the State Property Office that appeals made by the seller to the Orange County Board of Adjustment (BOA) and North Carolina Division of Water Quality (DWQ) were pending.
[more information - click on link to read full press release]

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Sept 4th deadline:
Send a message to DWQ
      *Sample message below

Urge state regulators at the
NC Division of Water Quality to:
  1. Deny UNC's wastewater permit
  2. Recommend requiring an Environmental Impact Statement

Click on the link to send a message to Nathaniel Thornburg (with a copy to PRO if you like) at the NC Division of Water Quality or by U.S. mail postmarked by September 4th - sample message below.

Nathaniel Thornburg
Division of Water Quality
Aquifer Protection Section         
1636 Mail Service Center
Raleigh, NC 27699-1636

*Sample message:

I'm writing to urge you to deny the UNC Animal Research Facility's wastewater permit modification, Permit No. WQ0023896.

UNC constructed a faulty wastewater system after submitting an inaccurate and incomplete Environmental Assessment in 2006.  The university has not yet disclosed the impacts on wetlands, creeks, and groundwater of multiple illegal wastewater discharges in 2009 and 2010 that led to a shut-down of the system.

Before issuing any permits for this facility, please recommend requiring UNC to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement to hold UNC accountable for detailed information on the consequences of multiple illegal discharges, equipment failures and violations at the facility including a road and wastewater spray fields built on undisclosed wetlands.  An EIS would also ensure that UNC explores alternatives to the proposed project in order to minimize environmental impacts on the Haw River Watershed.

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PUBLIC HEARING Aug 22: STATE PROBES UNC'S PLAN TO SPRAY 1.2 MILLION GALLONS OF RESEARCH WASTE PER YEAR ON WATERSHED LAND



PUBLIC HEARING: NC DIVISION OF WATER QUALITY
Wednesday August 22nd, 7:00 pm
(registration begins at 6:30)

White Cross Recreation Center
1800 White Cross Road, Chapel Hill, NC
[map]

Orange County, NC, August 13, 2012--On Wednesday August 22nd citizens will have a chance to share concerns with state regulators from the NC Division of Water Quality (DWQ) about the University of North Carolina's application for a permit modification to expand its failed wastewater system at the 56-acre UNC Animal Research Facility at 1907 Orange Chapel Clover Garden Road in southwest Orange County.  The university proposes to spray 1.2 million gallons of research waste per year on Haw River Watershed land, doubling the acreage of spray fields and spraying research waste onto open fields next to neighboring pastures where cattle graze.  The DWQ has scheduled a public hearing at the White Cross Recreation Center to receive public comments  before deciding "whether to issue, revise or deny the draft permit modification."  The hearing will be the first opportunity for community members to comment publicly on a permit application in the facility's four decades of operations.

In 2010, Preserve Rural Orange (PRO) exposed a series of animal wastewater spills and equipment failures and violations of county, state and federal regulations at the UNC facility.  University leaders returned a $14.5 million construction grant to the NIH after acknowledging undisclosed wetlands and improperly built infrastructure on site, and committed to sharing plans and permit documents with PRO and neighbors as well as testing neighbors' well waterNow, UNC leaders propose spending an additional $14.7 million to expand the failed wastewater system and have ceased communications with PRO and neighbors. More than two years after multiple illegal wastewater spills and toxic solvents contaminating the wastewater, UNC has not yet developed protocols for testing neighboring wells.

At the August 22nd public hearing, neighbors and PRO leaders plan to request an Environmental Impact Statement, requiring UNC to disclose past and future impacts and to explore environmentally responsible, sustainable alternatives to the proposed expansion.  In locations where where tens of thousands of gallons of research and animal waste spilled onto the ground and into tributaries of Collins Creek, there were no studies to determine impacts on soil, sediment or water.  Collins Creek feeds into the Haw River, winding up in Jordan Lake's regional drinking water supply.  Downstream from the UNC property, the EPA has listed Collins Creek as "impaired waters."

UNC has operated the research facility for four decades, and according to a 2009 UNC handout to neighbors, the facility initially discharged waste directly into the creek for an undisclosed period of time.  Five years ago, UNC constructed new wastewater spray fields and a road on wetlands, in violation of the federal Clean Water Act.  The facility property is located in the southwest corner of Orange County, a rural and agricultural zone far from water or sewer service.  Without municipal infrastructure to support a research campus, the UNC Animal Research Facility's costs are mounting.  Since 2010 when failed wastewater systems were shut down, UNC has pumped and hauled research waste from the facility twice weekly to OWASA, paying both tanker truck and disposal fees, and contracting with consultant McKim & Creed to redesign and replace the unused, faulty system that cost millions to install five years ago. 

The DWQ Public Hearing will take place on Wednesday August 22nd at 7 pm, with registration beginning at 6:30 pm.  The White Cross Recreation Center is located at 1800 White Cross Road, Chapel Hill.  For more information contact Nathaniel Thornburg, DWQ Aquifer Protection Section (nathaniel.thornburg@ncdenr.gov) at (919) 807-6453, and Preserve Rural Orange (info@preserveruralorange.org). 
Comments on UNC's permit application may be sent until September 4th to Nathaniel Thornburg, Division of Water Quality, Aquifer Protection Section, 1636 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC 27699-1636.

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CITIZENS APPEAL COUNTY APPROVAL OF UNC ANIMAL RESEARCH FACILITY SITE PLAN Orange County, NC March 5, 2012—Last week, Bingham Township resident Walt Lobotsky submitted an appeal to the Orange County Board of Adjustment, co-signed by the citizen nonprofit Preserve Rural Orange (PRO).  Lobotsky and PRO are appealing the Planning Department’s February 1, 2012 approval of a site plan for the University of North Carolina’s Animal Research Facility. Lobotsky’s property is adjacent to the 56-acre UNC property in southwest Orange County where a new wastewater system and expanded spray fields are planned to replace an improperly built system that was shut down after series of illegal animal wastewater spills and equipment failures occurred in 2009 and 2010.  In the appeal, Lobotsky and PRO maintain that Orange County ordinances require the UNC facility to apply for a Special Use Permit because its wastewater system is designed to handle a capacity greater than 3,000 gallons per day.  Lobotsky and PRO are asking the Board of Adjustment to uphold county Planning staff’s April 2010 determination requiring UNC to apply for a Class A Special Use Permit, a public process in which citizens may comment on proposed developments in hearings held by the Planning Board and Board of County Commissioners (BOCC). County Planning staff later reversed the determination in November of 2010 in response to communications from University attorneys and officials, and allowed UNC to submit a site plan which does not require public notice, hearings or BOCC approval. [Click here to read more] ________________________________ 

September 28, 2011        Despite UNC administrators’ stated commitment to notify neighbors and PRO of all communications with DENR and to post public documents on UNC’s Bingham Facility web page, neither neighbors nor PRO were notified when UNC submitted a permit modification application to DWQ on August 16, 2011, to rebuild and expand failed wastewater systems at the UNC Research Facility in Bingham Township .  UNC's Bingham web page has not been updated since 2010.  To make this information publicly available, PRO will scan and post UNC's application documents on the PRO website- hundreds of pages of designs, specifications and maps- we'll notify PRO subscribers as soon they are online.  ____________________________________________________ News Update - February 6, 2010 UNC wastewater system status revoked     Earlier this week Preserve Rural Orange sent a request to Dee Freeman, Secretary of the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), co-signed by the Haw River Assembly, Clean Water for North Carolina and the Sewage Sludge Action Network chapter of the Blue Ridge Environmental Defense League.  Haw River Assembly Executive Director and River Keeper Elaine Chiosso also sent a separate letter supporting our request.     We asked for an investigation of the illegal wastewater discharge and series of equipment malfunctions at the UNC Research Resource Facility in 2009 and 2010, and asked DENR to revoke the animal wastewater system’s  “deemed permitted” status, requiring UNC to apply for a permit.      We heard back from Secretary Freeman that an investigation and inspection of the site are under way, and that the deemed permitted status has been revoked [5.3 MB file].  UNC has 30 days to apply for a permit.  Coleen Sullins, Director of DENR’s Division of Water Quality (DWQ) also sent a notice of intent to UNC at the end of the week to alert university officials that the state is considering an enforcement action because of the nearly two-month delay in addressing and reporting the wastewater leak that flowed into Collins Creek. Recent news articles: State looks into leak from UNC pond, Mark Schultz, News & Observer, February 6, 2010 Group asks UNC to fix animal waste lagoons, Tristan Long, The Herald-Sun, January 31, 2010 UNC says it didn't hide leak: Wastewater reached creek, Mark Schultz, Chapel Hill News, January 31, 2010 State may require UNC's Bingham Facility to get a permit, Mark Schultz, News & Observer, January 29, 2010 PRO: More Oversight of UNC's Research Farm, Elizabeth Friend, WCHL 1360 AM, January 27, 2010 Waste leak went unfixed, Mark Schultz, Chapel Hill News, January 27, 2010     UNC must come clean: Pollution from University research facility must stop; transparency and accountability are necessary, DTH Editorial Board, Daily Tar Heel, January 24, 2010 _____________________________

News Update--January 23, 2010 UNC Research Facility Wastewater Spill in Collins Creek        Over the past week we have learned increasingly alarming details about animal wastewater spilling into Collins Creek from a 1.6 million gallon storage lagoon at the UNC Research Resource Facility in Bingham Township.  Despite community members’ requests over the past several years for meetings, public records and proactive communication about facility safety and expansion plans, UNC representatives have responded with delayed communications, misrepresentations and only partial information long after incidents occurred.         Since October 2009, equipment at the facility has repeatedly failed: there was an incinerator fire and malfunction, an ongoing animal wastewater lagoon liner leak reported in December that spilled into Collins Creek in unknown volumes, a 630-gallon wastewater leak in November from pipes that were never bolted together, and a leak last week due to cracked valves (see DENR documents and photos of leaking wastewater).        We are concerned about UNC’s lack of transparency and accountability, delay in reporting an illegal discharge to state authorities (see UNC correspondence), failure to alert neighbors who have repeatedly expressed concern precisely about these hazards, and construction and use of faulty equipment without a permit. These actions endanger public health and the watershed, and result in costly repairs.        Earlier this week Preserve Rural Orange sent a Proposal to UNC administrators, with copies to Orange County commissioners and staff, outlining a series of steps to improve communications, transparency and protection of environmental and human health with regard to current operations and the $27 million expansion underway at the site.         This week the animal wastewater system was shut down to drain about 400,000 gallons from the lagoon and haul it offsite to OWASA, in order to find and repair the liner leak. UNC will pay OWASA more than $2,000 for handling the wastewater, and according to NC Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) estimates, hauling more than fifty truckloads of wastewater could cost UNC up to $30,000. Click here for the full update on the UNC wastewater spill   What you can do: Please join us in contacting UNC-CH Chancellor Holden Thorp, asking university leaders to engage in the public process suggested in our Proposal to UNC, and to take the following additional measures: Cease animal wastewater lagoon operations at the UNC Research Resource Facility until DENR concludes its investigation of the illegal discharge into Collins Creek, determines the system’s compliance and permit status, and confirms the safety of continued use Apply for a permit for the animal wastewater treatment and disposal system to ensure oversight and safeguards at the facility Provide neighbors, PRO and county officials with timely copies of communications and reports about this and future incidents News articles: UNC's wastewater worries Lisa Sorg, Independent Weekly, January 20, 2010 UNC warned after leak Mark Schultz, News and Observer, January 21, 2010 
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UNC Research Facility Expansion in the News    The November 11, 2009 Independent Weekly features an article, "UNC research facility flies under the radar: What are they building in there?"-- following an investigation by editor Lisa Sorg into UNC-Chapel Hill's plans for a $27 million expansion of the UNC Research Resource Facility in Bingham Township.  The article raises questions about the lab animal facility's operations, its  impacts on neighbors and the environment and the status of our public records request which is largely unfulfilled five months after it was submitted to the university.     In June 2009 we submitted a public records request about the facility to UNC to learn more about expansion plans and past, present and future activities.  We also asked for the same records on UNC's Francis Owen Blood Research Lab which is planned to move from its current location in the University Lake watershed to the Bingham Township facility in the Haw River watershed, along a tributary of Collins Creek.      Five months later, there are still more questions than answers.  After nearly three months of delays, the response to our request from UNC's Office of General Counsel was that we would need to pay $1,000 in advance and sign an agreement to pay up to $5,000 in additional costs to receive copies of records going back only five years (note: expansion plans were developed at least seven years ago).  When we modified the request and asked to look at records first before copying, the response was that we would have to pay the same $1000 and sign the same agreement, just to inspect the records.     While we do not plan to pay to inspect state university records that belong to the public, we are pursuing our request for access to these records on issues of concern to immediate neighbors and the surrounding community.  We hold UNC accountable for providing records before construction is complete and new operations begin.     Neighbors have legitimate concerns about environmental and human health impacts of air and water-borne toxins, pathogens and pharmaceuticals resulting from incineration and wastewater spraying, and impacts on wells, the aquifer and the regional water supply.  Instead of creating obstacles for citizens seeking answers while moving ahead with construction, we believe the university should share our concerns, communicate with Orange County officials and citizens, and immediately provide records of its activities.  Only with full, ongoing and timely disclosure of relevant information will we be assured that every possible precaution will be taken to protect the community from irreparable harm.     We will keep you informed as we learn more, and continue to post documents from the state, county and university in the right hand column of this page.
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UNC LAB ANIMAL FACILITY RESEARCH RESOURCE FACILITY in Bingham Township Community members, along with Preserve Rural Orange researchers are gathering information on the $27 million expansion of  UNC’s animal research facility, the Research Resource Facility (also called “The Farm”) at 1907 Orange Chapel Clover Garden Road.      Phase III funding of $8.6 million for the  facility was approved in the same July 2008 NC Senate Bill 1925 that created the airport authority.  The approximately 50 acre property sits directly adjacent to the southwest end of the Site H airport map.  The university has owned and run the facility for decades to raise lab animals for research. There are already dogs on site and there will be pigs and rodents as well in the new buildings.     There is a new animal waste lagoon, with plans to treat up to 10,000 gallons of waste per day and spray with 800 spray heads into the woods above a tributary which runs into Collins Creek.  There is also a human waste lagoon which has been expanded and an incinerator with a record of emissions including mercury and  propylene oxide.  The facility is planning to use 1000 gallons per day of  well water.     We are contacting federal, state, county and university officials as well as environmental groups to learn more about the facility, and to raise awareness of its current and potential impact which most of us were unaware of  until now.  If you have any additional information or would like to join in our efforts, contact us at: info@preserveruralorange.org  (from FPC UNC web page listed below) "The  University has a master plan for the development of the Research Resource Facility, which will accommodate several species of animals in multiple buildings. The site for the facility is located in Orange County and site plan approval from the county has been obtained. The University now wants to implement the master plan in phases. Coordinate the development of site infrastructure elements such as water supply and sewage disposal, fencing, security and roads, as well as roughly a dozen buildings planned to be constructed in a number of phases." (From UNC Facilities Planning and Construction on the Research Resource Facility Waste and Waste Water)

LINKS TO PUBLIC DOCUMENTS


Leaking waste lagoon at UNC Animal Research Facility, December 2009
Green tracer dye confirms waste spilling into Collins Creek (NC DENR photo)
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Click on links below for information on UNC plans for  expansion and new infrastructure at the lab animal research facility in Bingham Township:

TIMELINE: UNC Animal Research Facility 1971-2014

DWQ Draft Wastewater Permit 3/11/13

UNC response to DWQ/DENR 1/31/13
UNC specs for DWQ/DWQ 1/31/13
UNC drawings for DWQ/DWQ 1/31/13
UNC design manual for DWQ/DWQ 1/31/13

VIDEO: DWQ Public Hearing @White Cross 8/22/12

NC DENR/DWQ info request to UNC 12/6/12
NC DENR/DWQ Hearing Officer's Report 12/6/12
*(37 MB FILE)

PRO presentation to OC Board of Adjustment 11/12/12 *(5+MB FILE)

Board of Adjustment agenda packet 11/12/12
*(76 MB FILE)

PRO comments to State Environmental Review 10/19/12

PRO letter to NC Attorney General 9/21/12
PRO letter to State Auditor 9/21/12

UNC Animal Research Facility Aerial Map 9/7/12

UNC Property Acquisition notice 9/6/12

UNC Environmental Assessment 9/6/12* (21 MB FILE)

DWQ Notice of Public Hearing: 8/22/12
DWQ Information Fact Sheet 8/12
DWQ Draft Permit 2/22/12



Public Records Request to UNC-Chapel Hill 6/11/09

Large files-- 5 to 8 MB each:
UNC Public Records Documents #1
UNC Public Records Documents #2
UNC Public Records Documents #3
UNC Public Records Documents #4

UNC 2006 Master Plan map of proposed facility expansion

UNC 2006 environmental assessment of the proposed facility expansion
(16 MB file)

Comments on UNC 2006 environmental assessment
by state agencies

UNC 2002 scoping letter to state preceding environmental assessment of Research Resource Facility expansion

UNC 2002 scoping letter to state preceding environmental assessment of Francis Owen Blood Research Lab expansion

Letters 2003-2006 between UNC and Orange County Planning Dept. on proposed facility expansion (see page 5 for list of new buildings, usage and square footage)

Letter from state to UNC on proposed expansion with rodent retention facility - finding of no significant impact

Research Resource Facility Waste and Waste Water from UNC Facilities Planning and Construction

UNC “planroom”  facilities inventory
Scroll down the left “Facility ID” column to #328, there are nine structures listed, including 328XX001, an incinerator, with additional structures further down the list.

NC DENR Division of Air Quality 2006 report
Reports cite nitrogen oxide, mercury, and propylene oxide emissions for 1993 through 2006.
NEWS ARTICLES

Chemical contamination found at UNC's Bingham Facility, Lisa Sorg, Independent Weekly, March 31, 2010

State looks into leak from UNC pond, Mark Schultz, News & Observer, February 6, 2010

Group asks UNC to fix animal waste lagoons, Tristan Long, The Herald-Sun, January 31, 2010

UNC says it didn't hide leak: Wastewater reached creek, Mark Schultz, Chapel Hill News, January 31, 2010

State may require UNC's Bingham Facility to get a permit, Mark Schultz, News & Observer, January 29, 2010

PRO: More Oversight of UNC's Research Farm, Elizabeth Friend, WCHL 1360 AM, January 27, 2010

Waste leak went unfixed, Mark Schultz, Chapel Hill News, January 27, 2010
   
UNC must come clean: Pollution from University research facility must stop; transparency and accountability are necessary, DTH Editorial Board, Daily Tar Heel, January 24, 2010

UNC's wastewater worries Lisa Sorg, Independent Weekly, January 20, 2010

UNC warned after leak Mark Schultz, News and Observer, January 21, 2010


UNC research facility flies under the radar: What are they building in there?
Lisa Sorg, The Independent Weekly, November 11, 2009


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